Kid Activities
1000's of Ideas for Childcare Professionals & Teachers!

Goop, Gak, Slime & Fun Recipes!

September 21, 2009 20:29 by Barbara Shelby

These are the popular science activities of Oobleck, Goop, Gak, Flubber and Slime! Do these often as Kids of all ages love them!!! Also included are directions for concoctions such as Modge Podge, Stickers, Chalk and Paper Mache! Enjoy!

 You may also be interested in...More than 40 Paint & Color Recipes ...as well as 40 Play Dough Recipes

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 LIQUID BUT NOT!

Take a cup of cornstarch add to a bowl...
Take a cup of baking soda add it to the bowl...
Take 1/2 cup of water and add it to the bowl...
Mix with your hands-they will get messy a bit and the "Liquid but Not" will harden-- then soften --then drip while you form and play with it.
It comes off with a little soap and water! (Submitted by Anonymous) 

NOTE: 'Liquid but Not' (above) and 'Slimish Goop' (below) are very similar. The first is more firm/hard. The second is similar to mucous as it goes through the fingers and hands. It's 'slimier' -- as the title denotes. (See below photo) For either activity, add drops of water as needed--to keep the consistency as desired. You'll find that for any of these 'experiments' adjustments will be needed--which is O.K. It's science!!! Be sure to remind kids that this is what it's all about...experimenting to see 'what' happens! 

My grade 4 grandson loved 'Liquid but Not' AND the 'Slimish Goop'. We made both on the same day. He put his hands in both at the same time... as he experimented with the 'sameness and differences' in the textures.

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SLIME-ISH GOOP made with cold water... Be sure to read above 'Note'

  • Mix 1 cup of corn starch with 1 cup of water. Use your hands to mix it until it is a smooth texture.
  • You can change the texture by adding a 2nd cup of corn starch. (I added the second cup of corn starch; with just one cup-I found it too watery. If making a smaller amount with 1 cup of corn starch--start with 1/2 cup of water.  Barb)
    Kids love adding food color or paint to make the slime. They have fun making it resemble different icky substances and their imagination is more vivid!  (Image by KidActivities)

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FLUBBER
Two cups Glue
Food Coloring
Four tablespoons Borax
Warm water
In one bowl mix in 1 1/2 cups of warm water, Glue, and food coloring. In a separate bowl mix in Borax with 1 1/3 cup of warm water.
Pour the glue mixture into the borax mixture.
Do not mix or stir it will form on its own. (Note: I found I needed to stir it a bit for it to come together. The second day, it was even better than the first day! See K-A images... You'll find it shapes itself out smoothly into what ever you store it in. Barb) Store in plastic baggies.

What can you do with Flubber?

Stretch and shape it...
Roll it into a rope...Bounce it...

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FLUBBER FOR ONE... IN A BAGGIE
Put 3 T. of water into a ziploc bag.
Add 1 T. of white glue.
1. Add 2 heaping T. of Borax (laundry detergent). It must be Borax.
2. Shape into a ball.
3. If the mixture is too sticky, roll the ball in a little bit of Borax. Too much water left? Empty it.

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BLUBBER

Ingredients: ½ cup glue and two Cups Borax
1. Mix ½ -cup water with ½ cup glue. In a separate container, mix ½ cup water with the Borax (Borax can be purchased in the laundry detergent aisle).
2. Now, stir the Borax mixture while slowly adding the glue mixture.
3. It should immediately come together to make blubber. If it isn't quite right try adding more of the Borax and water. 

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GOOP/SLIME
One part Liquid starch
Two parts white glue
Food coloring
Add starch to glue until mixture becomes a workable ball. Store in refrigerator in a covered container.

NOTE: I made this awhile back and it's important to drip the starch slowly into the glue. If it's stringy--add a drop of glue.
If too hard-- add more starch. At first, I thought it wouldn't work--but kept playing with the ingredients. The four children involved in the experiement -ages 5 to 15- all loved it! Although kids played with it immediately, it became runny from the hot day---Chill for 2-3 hours.  Also, the children's hands (and mine) did stain when mixing in the food coloring. With a couple hand washings, the color in the hands did come off.

NOTE FYI: The older children recognized the concoction as one they purchased in 'cups that make loud body sounds"...the kids packed the finished mixture in paper cups--pushed the mixture down--and laughed at the resulting loud sounds. 

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SILLY PUTTY
Materials:
Glue (wood glue works well but white glue will also work)
Epsom salts
Water
Measuring spoons
Plastic spoon
2 small cups
Waxed paper
Plastic bag (optional)
Directions:
1. In one cup, put 1/2 tsp Epsom salt and 1/2 tsp water, stir to dissolve salt. (NOTE: It may not all dissolve.)
2. In the other cup, put 1 tablespoon glue. Add the Epsom salt water to the glue and stir.
3. Watch as your new material starts to form. Pull out the putty and put it on the waxed paper. You can experiment with it to find out more about its properties.
4. You can store the new putty in a plastic bag.

GENERAL HANDLING INFORMATION: Store in a ziploc bag in the refrigerator for maximum life. A few drops of Lysol can be added to recipes to minimize formation of mold and extend the lifetime. Wash hands before using slime to minimize mold growth as well.....Keep off carpets and furniture as it can stain...

For Flubber & Blubber: BORAX IS TOXIC IN LARGE DOSES.....Keep it out of reach of children under 3 year old; it's also a good idea to wear safety glasses when working with borax.

HOW MIXING GLUE AND BORAX WORKS...
When you mix the glue and the borax a chemical change occurs in the polymer in the glue, polyvinyl acetate.
Cross-linking bonds are formed, making the glue stick to you less and to itself more. You can experiment with the amount of glue, water, and borax that you use to make the slime more fluid or more stiff.
The molecules in the polymer are not fixed in place, so you can stretch the flubber/blubber/slime.

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METAMUCIL FLUBBER

You Need:
1 tsp Metamucil or similar soluble fiber
8 oz water
microwave-safe bowl
microwave oven
food coloring (optional)

Mix 1 teaspoon of Metamucil with 1 cup (8 ounces) of water in a microwaveable bowl. You can add a drop or two of food coloring if you wish. Alternatively, you could add a little powdered drink mix or flavored gelatin to get color/flavor.

Place bowl in the microwave and nuke on high for 4-5 minutes (actual time depends on microwave power) or until the goo is about to bubble out of the bowl. Turn off the microwave.

Let the mixture cool slightly, then repeat step 3 (microwave until about to overflow). The more times this step is repeated the more rubbery the substance will become.

After 5-6 microwave runs, (carefully - hot hot HOT) pour the flubber onto a plate or cookie sheet. A spoon can be used to spread it out.

Allow to cool. What you have is a Non-stick flubber. A knife or cookie cutters may be used to cut the flubber into interesting shapes.

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EDIBLE SLIME
One 14- ounce can of sweetened condensed milk
One Tbs of cornstarch
10-15 drops of red or green food coloring
Directions:
1.  Pour the can of SWEETENED condensed milk into a saucepan.
2.  Add the cornstarch and cook over a low heat, stirring constantly.
3.  When the mixture thickens remove it from the heat and then add the food coloring.
4.  Allow it to cool before playing or eating; it can also be used as a fun paper paint.

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RECIPES FOR CONCOCTIONS
OTHER THAN GOOP TYPE THINGS!

GLITTER
Mix together 5-6 drops of food coloring and ½ c. salt---stir well.
Cook in microwave for 1-2 minutes or spread out on a piece of waxed paper to air-dry.
Store in an airtight container.

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EASY-OFF TATOOS
Materials:
1 Tbs. cold cream
2 Tbs. cornstarch
1 Tbs. water
Food coloring
Clean paint brush
Mix all ingredients together, stirring to mix well. Use a thin
paintbrush to apply the tattoo.

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EDIBLE FRUIT LIP GLOSS
Materials:
Favored drink mix
1 cup vegetable shortening
Food coloring
Small container such as a film container
1. Mix one packet of drink mix with shortening.
2. Add in a few drops of food coloring that matches the flavor. ie: yellow for lemon.
3. Pack in small container, such as a film container, and you have wonderful tasting and smelling lip gloss. Of course the lip gloss is edible should some accidentally be licked off.

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TRANFER SOLUTION
(Transferring a picture to paper)

Ingredients:
2 tablespoons soap powder, like Ivory Snow (not detergent) or scrapings from a bar of soap
1/4 cup hot water
1 tablespoon turpentine
Dissolve soap powder in hot water.
Add turpentine.
Use when cool.
To use, dip a brush into the ink and brush over the picture to be transferred, wait about ten seconds then place a piece of paper over the picture and rub the back of it with a spoon.
The picture will be transferred to the paper.
If the solution solidifies in its container, set the bottle in a pan of warm water to melt, then shake well before using.

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CREPE PAPER PASTE

Cut or tear 2 T crepe paper of a single color. The finer the paper is cut, the smoother the paste will be. Add 1/2 T flour and 1/2 T salt and enough water to make a paste. Stir and squash the mixture until it is as smooth as possible. Store in airtight container.

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DRIZZLE GOO

Materials:
1 Cup Flour
1/4 Cup Sugar
 1/4 Cup Salt
3/4 Cup Water
Food coloring
Mix all together and put in squeeze bottle. Drizzle on paper.

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PAPER MACHÉ RECIPES

#1 PAPER MACHÉ WITH LIQUID STARCH
Liquid starch, water, newspaper strips
Mix equal parts of liquid starch and water.
Stir until starch is dissolved.
Soak newspaper strips in liquid mixture and pat into place.

PAPER MACHÉ WITH FLOUR...
#2
Place 2 or 3 Tablespoons plain flour in a bowl.
Add a little bit of water.
Stir to make a smooth paste.
Gradually add more water until the paste is the consistency of thick cream.
Apply paste with a brush or your fingers.

#3 PAPER MACHÉ
For 1 to 1 1/2 cups paper mache paste, mix together one cup of flour with 1 cup water. Keep adding water (about 3 cups) and mix until all the lumps are gone. Bring to a boil in a saucepan and cool completely.

#4 PAPER MACHÉ
Mix 1/2 cup all-purpose flour, and 2 cups cold water.
Add that mixture to 2 cups boiling water and allow it to return to a boil. Remove from heat and add the sugar.
Let entire mix cool and thicken.
Once the mixture cools its ready to use.

#5  PAPER MACHÉ MADE FROM GLUE
Materials:
White glue,
Water
Paper
Mix two parts of the white glue with one part of fairly warm water.
Stir well to produce the paper mache paste.

TIP: Adding Elmer glue to the above flour recipes will give it more strength.

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ALMOST MODGE PODGE
These two recipes are very similar to the purchased product Modge Podge glue.

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MODGE PODGE GLAZE
Mix 3 parts white glue (any brand) to 1 part water.
Add more or less water to get the desired texture and thickness.
Add 2 Tbsp. varnish, for shine.
Store in a glass container with airtight lid.

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JUST LIKE MODGE PODGE
1/4 C sugar
1/4 C all-purpose flour
1/2 tsp powdered alum
1 3/4 C water
1/4 tsp oil of cinnamon
In medium size pan, combine sugar, flour and alum.
Gradually add 1 cup water, stirring vigorously to break all lumps.
Boil until clear and smooth, stirring constantly.
Remove from heat.
Add remaining water and oil.
Stir until thoroughly mixed.
Store in glass container with airtight lid.
From: Leslie Sausage heart4home.net.

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MAKING THE "STICKY" FOR STICKERS
MAKE YOUR OWN STICKERS...with this solution

RECIPE #1
11 tsp. flavored gelatin
2 tsp boiling water
Cut-outs to use as stickers
Place gelatin and boiling water in a small bowl.
 Stir until the gelatin is dissolved. Let mixture cool 1 minute.
While the sticker solution is warm, brush a thin coat on the back of each cut-out - use your finger or a small brush.
When dry you can lick them and stick them on paper or glass just like a real stamp.

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RECIPE #2
STAMP GUM
1 (1/4 ounce) package unflavored gelatin
1 T cold water
3 T boiling water
1/2 t. corn syrup
1/2 t. lemon or other flavored extract
In a small bowl, sprinkle the gelatin on the cold water.
Let it sit 5 minutes to soften.
Add the boiling water.
 Stir until the gelatin is dissolved.
Add corn syrup and extract. Store in a small jar such as a baby food jar.

  • Cut out pictures from magazines or"whatever".
  • Brush the picture on the back side with the gum.
  • Let it dry, then moisten the gum with water or by licking and stick it to paper.

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SIDEWALK CHALK
1/3 c. quick setting Plaster of Paris
3 t. water
1 T. paint
Glitter (optional)
Mix all ingredients.
Scoop into empty toilet paper tube.
Let set for 20 minutes.
Peel off cardboard. Let dry for one day.

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MAKE EGSHELL CHALK (Good only for sidewalks!)

This chalk is specifically designed for sidewalks and not black boards!
Materials:
6 egg shells
1 tsp. very hot tap water
1 tsp. flour

  • Wash the eggshells well; be sure there is no egg left in them;  let dry.
  • Grind shells into a fine pwder with a rock a concrete surface. Make sure the grinding rock is clean. (One Tablespoon of  powder will make one stick of chalk.)
  • When you have enough powder pick out any little bits of eggshell that are  not ground up. 
  • Scoop the powder into a cup or paper towel.
  • Stir the flour and hot water together in a small dish to make a paste.
  • Put the spoonful of eggshell powder into the paste and mix well. It may help to mash it with the back of the spoon.
  • Add a few drops of food coloring if you want colored chalk.
  • Shape this mixture into a chalk stick and roll it up in a strip of paper towel to dry. (Drying will take about three days.)
  • Once dry, peel the paper off one end and you're ready for some sidewalk art.
  • For large sticks of chalk, try making 3 times this recipe, and put the mixture into an empty toilet paper tube. When it's dry, peel away the cardboard as you use it.
    Adapted from Make-Stuff.com

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Also: Check out more than 40 Paint & Color Recipes on this site...as well as 40 Play Dough Recipes! 

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Making Piñatas & Paper Maché

June 14, 2009 07:57 by Barbara Shelby

GENERAL GUIDLINES

Materials:

2 cups flour
3 cups water
1 balloon
Newspaper strips
Paint, crayons, or markers
Tissue paper (optional)
Colored crepe paper & String

1.  Blow up a large balloon and tie the end securely.

2.  Mix flour and water together until it makes a smooth paste.

3.  Cut newspaper into long 1 inch thick strips and dip into the flour and water mixture, creating paper Mache strips.
 
4.  Carefully place the strips of newspaper on the balloon in a single layer, patting the paper smooth until the balloon is covered, leaving only a hole at the top large enough for candy. Set aside and allow the balloon to dry completely overnight.

5. Place another layer of newspaper strips dipped in the mixture over the balloon and let that dry. Repeat with yet one more layer, making sure you leave the hole at the top. When completely dry, pop the balloon, and remove any balloon bits that remain.
 
6. Use wadded paper, lightweight wire shapes or smaller paper Maché covered balloons to create noses, ears, arms, legs or other details to make your piñata into the shape you want.

7.  Paint your piñata, or cover it with layers of bright tissue paper in colors to match your party theme.
 
8.  If desired, hang colored crepe paper from the sides and bottom.
 
9.  Punch 2 small holes in the top near the opening and string a large piece of string through the two holes.

10.  Fill your piñata (through the hole you left at the top) with candy, toys, or any other fun surprises. Mix the treats with strips of newspaper or small wads of tissue paper to keep the treats spread throughout the piñata.

11.  Tie your completed piñata in the air with the string and have fun!

TIP: Those who know how to make a piñata have learned not to make the paper Mache layers too thick or the piñata will be nearly impossible to break!

  • You can be creative with this project – your piñata can be almost any color or shape you can imagine. Don’t worry about your artistic skills, or craft experience. Anyone can learn how to make a piñata. It’s a great group project and a wonderful way for to have fun preparing for a party together.
    Source: catalogs.com

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Paper Bag Piñata: This is a very simple version of a Piñata making it a suitable craft to do with large groups of children. It's much less messy than the paper Maché version.
Materials:
Paper lunch bag
Newspaper
Candy or other treats
Different colors of tissue paper
Scissors
Glue, Hole punch & String 

Instructions: 

  • Put candy or treats into the paper bag...
  • Scrunch up a piece of newspaper and put it in the bag. Repeat until the bag is full, with the newspaper- about 1 inch below the top of the bag (you need the inch so you can close the bag later)
  • Cut strips of tissue paper 3 to 6 inches wide and long enough to wrap around the bag (the wider you cut the strips, the quicker the craft will go)
  • Fringe the strips by using your scissors to cut about 1/2 way up each strip, 1 to 4 inches apart
  • Glue the strips around the bag, starting at the BOTTOM -- only glue the uncut part, don't get any glue on the fringes.
  • When you glue on the second strip, overlap it so it comes about to where you cut the fringe.
  • Repeat until you've covered the entire bag --again leaving about 1 inch free at the top.
  • Punch holes all the way around the top of the bag.
  • Lace a piece of string or yarn around the holes and pull tight (You may need to pull out a bit of the newspaper or add a bit extra at this point). Tie in a loop so you can hang it.
  • Cut 4 or 5 long strips of tissue paper and glue them to the bottom of the bag as streamers.
  • When all the children have made their piñatas, you can hang them up for decorations OR you can let them whack their bag with a stick until their candy falls out.

TIPS:

Be very careful that children don't hit each other... You can use skipping ropes, to rope off a small circle inside a large circle. The stick (and whoever is using it) stays inside the small circle. When the person's done using it, they have to put the stick down inside the small circle before they go back to the audience. The audience stays outside the large circle. Adapted from: dltk-kids.com


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Good for any Party, Summer, Ice-cream or Reading for Ice-Cream Themes

MAKE AN ICE CREAM PIÑATA

Need:
Washable markers
Scissors
Glue
Recycled newspaper
String
Paper towels
Coffee filters
Spray bottles
Thin poster board or oak tag board
Water containers
Bowls (plastic or paper)
Round latex balloons

Directions:

  • Cover the work area with newspaper. Roll the thin card board or tag board into a pointed cone. Trim the top using scissors to make the top (cone) even.
  • Blow up the round balloon and knot it. Place the knotted end into the opening of the cone. Use glue to hold the parts together.
  • Cut or tear newspaper into strips.
  • Combine glue with an equal amount of water in a shallow bowl to make a paper Mache glaze (paste). 
  • Cover the balloon & cardboard cone with 2 layers of newspaper strips which have been dipped in the paper Maché (glue & water) glaze.
  • Use your fingers to strip away excess glue. Dry thoroughly after each layer.
  • Pop the balloon & remove it from a small opening at the top.
  • Secure a string for hanging. 
  • Cover the entire piñata, including the end of the string, with at least 2 more layers of the paper Mache glaze. DRY.
    To make the ice cream scoop, dab washable markers on coffee filters. Spritz with water to blend the colors. Dry. 
  • Tear the coffee filters into small pieces, scrunch them up & glue to the round top of the ice cream cone. Decorate the cone with markers. (Or...to have a more finished look-cover it with layers of bright tissue paper as described in other entries)

Adult needs to cut a small opening near the top of the ice cream cone. Fill the piñata with goodies---have fun! Source: Unknown
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MAKE A LIGHT BULB PIÑATA

(For 'Science' or 'Bright Ideas' Theme!)

 

1.  Mix the Paper-Maché Paste: In a saucepan, bring 2 cups of water to a boil. In a bowl, whisk together 1/2 cup of all-purpose flour and 2 cups of cold water, then add the mixture to the boiling water. Once the solution comes back to a boil, remove the pan from the heat and stir in 3 tablespoons of sugar. When the paste cools, it will thicken and be ready to use (cover and refrigerate the paste between applications). Or...use one of the paste suggestions at the "bottom of this page"...

2.  Shape the piñata by inflating a large, round balloon (about 14 inches in diameter). Tear 3 or 4 double newspaper sheets into 2-inch-wide strips. Apply the first layer of papier-mâché by individually dragging newspaper strips through the paste, wiping off the excess with your fingers, and pressing them onto the balloon so that they overlap slightly. Cover the whole balloon except for a 2-inch square opening at the knotted end. Let it dry for 24 hours. Pop the balloon

3. Tape the midpoint of a long string to the top of the bulb, then wrap the string ends around the bulb sides, taping them in place. Let the trailing ends dangle. With a craft knife (adults only), cut an asterisk-shaped opening in the bottom of a 32-ounce plastic deli container. Fit the top of the container snugly against the bulb bottom and tape it in place. The string ends should remain outside the container...

4. Add a second and a third layer of paper-maché allowing the paper to dry in between. Cover the sides of the plastic container too, but not the container bottom nor the dangling string ends. Finally, use a glue stick to attach a layer of 5-inch yellow-paper squares to the bulb but not the container.

5. Fill the piñata (through the container bottom) with 4 pounds of wrapped candy. Glue aluminum foil to the container to simulate the neck of a lightbulb. Secure the foil with 3 strips of black electrical tape. Hang the piñata upside down.

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MAKE PAPER MACHÉ APPLES...

  • Inflate a balloon.
  • Dip newspaper strips in a mixture of your favorite paper Mache recipe. (See below)
  • Completely cover the balloon.
  • Let it dry thoroughly.
  • Paint and decorate the shape to look like an apple! You can also cover it with layers or sqares of bright red tissue paper.

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PAPER MACHÉ RECIPES

#1 PAPER MACHÉ WITH LIQUID STARCH
Liquid starch, water, newspaper strips
Mix equal parts of liquid starch and water.
Stir until starch is dissolved.
Soak newspaper strips in liquid mixture and pat into place. (This is actually the one that I've always used. It did make my hands itchy-so you may want to wear plastic gloves. Barb)

 

2. PAPER MACHÉ WITH FLOUR...
Place 2 or 3 Tablespoons plain flour in a bowl.
Add a little bit of water.
Stir to make a smooth paste.
Gradually add more water until the paste is the consistency of thick cream.
Apply paste with a brush or your fingers.

#3 PAPER MACHÉ
For 1 to 1 1/2 cups paper mache paste, mix together one cup of flour with 1 cup water. Keep adding water (about 3 cups) and mix until all the lumps are gone. Bring to a boil in a saucepan and cool completely.

#4 PAPER MACHÉ
Mix 1/2 cup all-purpose flour, and 2 cups cold water.
Add that mixture to 2 cups boiling water and allow it to return to a boil. Remove from heat and add the sugar.
Let entire mix cool and thicken.
Once the mixture cools its ready to use.

#5  PAPER MACHÉ MADE FROM GLUE
Materials:
White glue,
Water
Paper
1.  Mix two parts of the white glue with one part of fairly warm water.
2.  Stir well to produce the paper maché paste.
TIP: Adding Elmer glue to the above flour recipes will give it more strength.

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